CBD oil: What is it
You have probably heard about CBD oil. But do you know exactly what it is and what it is used for? Since the use of hemp for medicinal and scientific purposes was legalized in Colombia, interest in this type of product has increased.
THC and CBD: What are they and what are they for?
To understand what CBD oil is and what it is for, we have to go to its chemical composition. Let’s briefly explain the two main chemical components of the plant, better known as cannabinoids: tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).
What is THC?
Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, is the main psychoactive component of hemp. This means that THC is the cannabinoid that produces the perception-altering effects. But THC, despite being popularly sought after for the psychoactive effect, also has medicinal properties. Here are some of them:
- Muscle Relaxant
- Appetite Stimulation
- Sleep Aid
What is CBD?
Cannabidiol, better known as CBD, is another of the main cannabinoids present in the herbal plant. CBD, unlike THC, is a cannabinoid that does not produce psychoactive effects. CBD is found in both the herbal plant and hemp. Hemp is a variety of hemp used for industrial purposes that has high levels of CBD and very little (if any) THC. CBD has been shown to have therapeutic effects such as:
- Skin health
What is CBD oil?
Now that we have briefly seen the main cannabinoids, we can say that CBD oil is the extract of the plant that contains mainly CBD. And that depending on the formulation and its composition, hemp oil may have a different range of cannabinoids. In addition, it may also have other chemical components such as terpenes, aromatic compounds derived from isoprene.
Popularly, CBD oil refers to sublingual oil. These liquid products are to be consumed orally with drops applied under the tongue. They are applied under the tongue because this way they enter directly into the bloodstream.
However, when purchasing a CBD oil it is very important to understand that there can be three main types of CBD oils:
- Full-Spectrum Oil: Contains a whole range of chemical components from hemp such as CBD, THC, other cannabinoids and terpenes.
- Broad-Spectrum Oil: Contains a full range of chemical components from hemp, but THC is removed.
- Isolated CBD Oil: Contains only CBD, all other components (cannabinoids and terpenes) from the plant are removed.
Depending on the condition to be treated and how the person reacts to the cannabinoids, one of these three types of oil can be formulated. Similarly, it is also important to consider the proportion of cannabinoids.
What is CBD oil for?
Normally, you are looking for an isolated CBD oil. This is because this cannabinoid has been legalized in much of the world. In addition, it does not require medical formulation and also does not produce psychoactive effects as it has very low or almost no THC, which is attractive to people who are not comfortable with psychoactive effects.
This CBD-rich oil is mainly used to control anxiety, stress, insomnia and mild pain.
For its part, Full Spectrum (oil with a high range of cannabinoids and terpenes) has had great results in controlling seizure episodes in children with epilepsy. It has also been used for neuropathic pain, fibromyalgia and post-traumatic stress disorder, among others.
Studies have shown something that has been called the Entourage Effect. In short, the Entourage Effect speaks to how hempand its chemical components in isolation will never be as effective as working with all the components together. For example, both CBD and THC have pain-reducing abilities. Using CBD alone or THC alone to control pain can be effective. However, using a sublingual oil containing THC, CBD and other cannabinoids will have a greater impact.
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